Archaeological museum G.A. Sanna
This archaeological museum is perhaps with that of Cagliari the most important in Sardinia. Here every important find in northern Sardinia has been gathered, from the earliest prehistory to the middle ages it shows the changes through time in pottery, metal and stone objects that have accompanied the Sardinians in their past.
Archaeological museum G.A. Sanna
The archaeological museum of Sassari is the most important of northern Sardinia. It was founded in 1878 as the Regio Museo di Antichità ed Arte Giovanni Antonio Sanna, it moved to the current location in 1931. There is a vast collection of archaeological finds but also some interesting geological curiosities and an exhibition on traditional costumes. The archaeological finds come from various excavations in northern Sardinia, mostly from the historical province of Sassari. The rooms are ordered chronologically from the prehistory up to the roman and early medieval period. Here only some highlights of the many artefacts the museum has on display are presented.
Room V of the museum is dedicated to the earliest prehistoric and geological finds. Pieces of the petrified woods of Anglona, to be found near Perfugas and Martis but also remains of two extinct species, the Prolagus sardus (rodent) en the Megaceros Cazioti (deer) are shown here. The earliest human artefacts date to the Paleolithic age and the first ceramics made by man to the Neolithic age. There is a display of obsidian artefacts, obsidian played an important role throughout the Neolithic for cutting tools and arrow heads. The first statuettes are those of the mother goddess with their round forms. Many finds come from contexts of caves like the Corbeddu cave near Oliena, but also other important sites.
Room VI is dedicated to the prehistoric altar of Monte d'Accoddi, a unique monument of the late Neolithic and early Copper Age. A small model reconstruction shows the first stage of this particular building similar to a ziqqurath or piramid. On display are the ceramics found on the site that represent the two periods the altar was in use.
The Copper Age is also the time the first Domus de Janas, grave chambers, were cut out in the rock. In room VII many finds coming from these grave chambers are shown, mostly ceramics from the Copper Age and the Early Bronze Age. Here you can see the artefacts coming from the necropolis of Filigosa near Macomer that have characterized one of the cultural periods, that of Abealzu-Filigosa.
The Bronze Age or nuragic period
In the next few rooms the finds from the socalled Giants Tombs (Tombe di Giganti), Domus de Janas and Nuraghi of the middle and late Bronze Age are shown. Next to the typical ceramics of this period there are a lot of bronze artefacts like statuettes, broaches, arrowheads, buttons. On display is the complete hoard of bronze axes and ingots found near the nuraghe Flumenelongu (Alghero) and the original of the stone model of a nuraghe that was placed in the middle of the hut of the Reunions at nuraghe Palmavera.
The Phoenician-Punic and Roman periods
In Room X the Phoenician-Punic collection is displayed. There is typical Phoenician-Punic ceramics but also the fine work of the artisans of that period; golden earrings, amulets, scarabs and the faience bottles that contained perfumes. From the roman period the most impressive piece is the bronze tablet, known as the Table of Esterzili, with the latin inscription of the decree of proconsul Lucius Elvius Agrippa that established the borders between two rivaling tribes, the Patulcensis and the Gallilensis.
1. Contu, E. 2000, L'altare preistorico di Monte d'Accoddi, Sassari
2. Lo Schiavo, F. 1985, Il ripostiglio del Nuraghe Flumenelongu (Alghero-Sassari), Sassari
3. Lo Schiavo, F. 1991, Il museo archeologico di Sassari G.A. Sanna, Sassari
Address: Via Roma 64, Sassari
Tel: +39 079-272203
Openingtimes: 9.00-20.00 tuesday to saturday; closed on monday, sunday and holidays
Prices: Euro 3,00 (reduction for students and under 18 Euro 1,50)
Website: Museo Archeologico G.A. Sanna
The information has been updated for 2018 but prices and opening hours may vary.